linux挂载google Drive
首页 > >    作者:lininn   2019年8月28日 13:57 星期三   热度:900°   百度已收录  
时间:2019-8-28 13:57   热度:900° 

安装 Rclone

Linux或macOS有多种安装方式,这里选择脚本安装:

curl https://rclone.org/install.sh | sudo bash


install.sh

#!/usr/bin/env bash

# error codes
# 0 - exited without problems
# 1 - parameters not supported were used or some unexpected error occurred
# 2 - OS not supported by this script
# 3 - installed version of rclone is up to date
# 4 - supported unzip tools are not available

set -e

#when adding a tool to the list make sure to also add it's corresponding command further in the script
unzip_tools_list=('unzip' '7z' 'busybox')

usage() { echo "Usage: curl https://rclone.org/install.sh | sudo bash [-s beta]" 1>&2; exit 1; }

#check for beta flag
if [ -n "$1" ] && [ "$1" != "beta" ]; then
    usage
fi

if [ -n "$1" ]; then
    install_beta="beta "
fi


#create tmp directory and move to it with macOS compatibility fallback
tmp_dir=`mktemp -d 2>/dev/null || mktemp -d -t 'rclone-install.XXXXXXXXXX'`; cd $tmp_dir


#make sure unzip tool is available and choose one to work with
set +e
for tool in ${unzip_tools_list[*]}; do
    trash=`hash $tool 2>>errors`
    if [ "$?" -eq 0 ]; then
        unzip_tool="$tool"
        break
    fi
done  
set -e

# exit if no unzip tools available
if [ -z "${unzip_tool}" ]; then
    printf "\nNone of the supported tools for extracting zip archives (${unzip_tools_list[*]}) were found. "
    printf "Please install one of them and try again.\n\n"
    exit 4
fi

# Make sure we don't create a root owned .config/rclone directory #2127
export XDG_CONFIG_HOME=config

#check installed version of rclone to determine if update is necessary
version=`rclone --version 2>>errors | head -n 1`
if [ -z "${install_beta}" ]; then
    current_version=`curl https://downloads.rclone.org/version.txt`
else
    current_version=`curl https://beta.rclone.org/version.txt`
fi

if [ "$version" = "$current_version" ]; then
    printf "\nThe latest ${install_beta}version of rclone ${version} is already installed.\n\n"
    exit 3
fi



#detect the platform
OS="`uname`"
case $OS in
  Linux)
    OS='linux'
    ;;
  FreeBSD)
    OS='freebsd'
    ;;
  NetBSD)
    OS='netbsd'
    ;;
  OpenBSD)
    OS='openbsd'
    ;;  
  Darwin)
    OS='osx'
    ;;
  SunOS)
    OS='solaris'
    echo 'OS not supported'
    exit 2
    ;;
  *)
    echo 'OS not supported'
    exit 2
    ;;
esac

OS_type="`uname -m`"
case $OS_type in
  x86_64|amd64)
    OS_type='amd64'
    ;;
  i?86|x86)
    OS_type='386'
    ;;
  arm*)
    OS_type='arm'
    ;;
  aarch64)
    OS_type='arm64'
    ;;
  *)
    echo 'OS type not supported'
    exit 2
    ;;
esac


#download and unzip
if [ -z "${install_beta}" ]; then
    download_link="https://downloads.rclone.org/rclone-current-$OS-$OS_type.zip"
    rclone_zip="rclone-current-$OS-$OS_type.zip"
else
    download_link="https://beta.rclone.org/rclone-beta-latest-$OS-$OS_type.zip"
    rclone_zip="rclone-beta-latest-$OS-$OS_type.zip"
fi

curl -O $download_link
unzip_dir="tmp_unzip_dir_for_rclone"
# there should be an entry in this switch for each element of unzip_tools_list
case $unzip_tool in
  'unzip')
    unzip -a $rclone_zip -d $unzip_dir
    ;;
  '7z')
    7z x $rclone_zip -o$unzip_dir
    ;;
  'busybox')
    mkdir -p $unzip_dir
    busybox unzip $rclone_zip -d $unzip_dir
    ;;
esac
    
cd $unzip_dir/*


#mounting rclone to environment

case $OS in
  'linux')
    #binary
    cp rclone /usr/bin/rclone.new
    chmod 755 /usr/bin/rclone.new
    chown root:root /usr/bin/rclone.new
    mv /usr/bin/rclone.new /usr/bin/rclone
    #manuals
    if ! [ -x "$(command -v mandb)" ]; then
        echo 'mandb not found. The rclone man docs will not be installed.'
    else 
        mkdir -p /usr/local/share/man/man1
        cp rclone.1 /usr/local/share/man/man1/
        mandb
    fi
    ;;
  'freebsd'|'openbsd'|'netbsd')
    #bin
    cp rclone /usr/bin/rclone.new
    chown root:wheel /usr/bin/rclone.new
    mv /usr/bin/rclone.new /usr/bin/rclone
    #man
    mkdir -p /usr/local/man/man1
    cp rclone.1 /usr/local/man/man1/
    makewhatis
    ;;
  'osx')
    #binary
    mkdir -p /usr/local/bin
    cp rclone /usr/local/bin/rclone.new
    mv /usr/local/bin/rclone.new /usr/local/bin/rclone
    #manual
    mkdir -p /usr/local/share/man/man1
    cp rclone.1 /usr/local/share/man/man1/    
    ;;
  *)
    echo 'OS not supported'
    exit 2
esac


#update version variable post install
version=`rclone --version 2>>errors | head -n 1`

printf "\n${version} has successfully installed."
printf '\nNow run "rclone config" for setup. Check https://rclone.org/docs/ for more details.\n\n'
exit 0
配置 Google Drive

rclone config 
  • 运行rclone
No remotes found - make a new one
n) New remote
r) Rename remote
c) Copy remote
s) Set configuration password q) Quit config 
  • 这里选择 n 创建新的remote
name> lala 
  • name 这里写一个自己简单的自己喜欢的名字就好
Type of storage to configure.
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
... 11 / Google Drive
   \ "drive" ...
Storage> 12 
  • 根据自己的可用类型,支持很多网盘格式,如 AWS、Dropbox,Google Drive等,这里是 11 Google Drive

  • 接着client_id、client_secret、service_account_file都留空直接回车,scope 选 1 Use auto config?这里我们选择n,如下所示:

Google Application Client Id - leave blank normally.
client_id>
Google Application Client Secret - leave blank normally.
client_secret>
Scope that rclone should use when requesting access from drive.
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value 1 / Full access all files, excluding Application Data Folder.
   \ "drive" 2 / Read-only access to file metadata and file contents.
   \ "drive.readonly" / Access to files created by rclone only. 3 | These are visible in the drive website.
   | File authorization is revoked when the user deauthorizes the app.
   \ "drive.file" / Allows read and write access to the Application Data folder. 4 | This is not visible in the drive website.
   \ "drive.appfolder" / Allows read-only access to file metadata but 5 | does not allow any access to read or download file content.
   \ "drive.metadata.readonly" scope> 1 ...
Use auto config?
 * Say Y if not sure
 * Say N if you are working on a remote or headless machine or Y didnt work
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> n 
  • 这时有一串 OAuth的链接需要再浏览器里登录Google Drive账号并授权,授权后获得一串返回码,粘贴回到命令行里
  • 接下来分别选择 n y q
Configure this as a team drive?  n
y) Yes this is OK   y
q) Quit config    q 

挂载硬盘

apt-get install fuse
mkdir -p /gdrive
rclone mount lala: /gdrive --allow-other --allow-non-empty --vfs-cache-mode writes 

同步某个目录

# 查看网盘目录 rclone lsd lala:/ # 检查哪些文件会被同步 rclone sync source dest:/path --dry-run # 开始同步,注意同步仅仅是2个目录

下的文件会被同步 rclone sync source dest:/path


自启动

1、下载并编辑脚本
使用命令:

//wget https://www.moerats.com/usr/shell/rcloned && nano rcloned

新建rcloned 文件

#!/bin/bash

PATH=/bin:/sbin:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/sbin:~/bin
export PATH
NAME_BIN="rclone"
### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:          rclone
# Required-Start:    $all
# Required-Stop:     $all
# Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: Start rclone at boot time
# Description:       Enable rclone by daemon.
### END INIT INFO

NAME="lininn" #rclone name名
REMOTE='' #远程文件夹
LOCAL='/google' #挂载地址

Green_font_prefix="\033[32m" && Red_font_prefix="\033[31m" && Green_background_prefix="\033[42;37m" && Red_background_prefix="\033[41;37m" && Font_color_suffix="\033[0m"
Info="${Green_font_prefix}[信息]${Font_color_suffix}"
Error="${Red_font_prefix}[错误]${Font_color_suffix}"
RETVAL=0

check_running(){
	PID="$(ps -C $NAME_BIN -o pid= |head -n1 |grep -o '[0-9]\{1,\}')"
	if [[ ! -z ${PID} ]]; then
		return 0
	else
		return 1
	fi
}
do_start(){
	check_running
	if [[ $? -eq 0 ]]; then
		echo -e "${Info} $NAME_BIN (PID ${PID}) 正在运行..." && exit 0
	else
		fusermount -zuq $LOCAL >/dev/null 2>&1
		mkdir -p $LOCAL
		sudo /usr/bin/rclone mount $NAME:$REMOTE $LOCAL --copy-links --no-gzip-encoding --no-check-certificate --allow-other --allow-non-empty --umask 000 >/dev/null 2>&1 &
		sleep 2s
		check_running
		if [[ $? -eq 0 ]]; then
			echo -e "${Info} $NAME_BIN 启动成功 !"
		else
			echo -e "${Error} $NAME_BIN 启动失败 !"
		fi
	fi
}
do_stop(){
	check_running
	if [[ $? -eq 0 ]]; then
		kill -9 ${PID}
		RETVAL=$?
		if [[ $RETVAL -eq 0 ]]; then
			echo -e "${Info} $NAME_BIN 停止成功 !"
		else
			echo -e "${Error} $NAME_BIN 停止失败 !"
		fi
	else
		echo -e "${Info} $NAME_BIN 未运行"
		RETVAL=1
	fi
	fusermount -zuq $LOCAL >/dev/null 2>&1
}
do_status(){
	check_running
	if [[ $? -eq 0 ]]; then
		echo -e "${Info} $NAME_BIN (PID $(echo ${PID})) 正在运行..."
	else
		echo -e "${Info} $NAME_BIN 未运行 !"
		RETVAL=1
	fi
}
do_restart(){
	do_stop
	do_start
}
case "$1" in
	start|stop|restart|status)
	do_$1
	;;
	*)
	echo "使用方法: $0 { start | stop | restart | status }"
	RETVAL=1
	;;
esac
exit $RETVAL


修改一下内容:

NAME="" #rclone name名,及配置时输入的Name REMOTE='' #远程文件夹,Google Drive网盘里的挂载的一个文件夹 LOCAL='' #挂载地址,VPS本地挂载目录 

2、设置自启
使用命令:

#Debian系统 apt-get install sudo -y  #设置自启 mv rcloned /etc/init.d/rcloned
chmod +x /etc/init.d/rcloned
update-rc.d -f rcloned defaults
bash /etc/init.d/rcloned start 

检测信息显示rclone启动成功即可。





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本文作者:lininn      文章标题: linux挂载google Drive
本文地址:?post=393
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